Here are our reports, both from our policy unit and our programmes, as well as our latest annual report.

Annual Report 2020/2021

Justice and Care is committed to fighting slavery – bringing hope to those affected, justice to those responsible and bringing about change at scale through our work with governments and others. This report provides an overview of what has been achieved over the last year.

Download our annual report here.

Justice and Care Quarterly Report

March 2022

Over the last six months we have seen real breakthroughs in our support to modern slavery prosecutions in both the UK and Bangladesh – seventeen exploiters convicted and sentenced to jail as a direct result of our work. We have continued our aftercare support to more than 300 survivors, supporting them to achieve real recovery and reintegration – from child survivors in Bangladesh graduating from high school, to repatriated survivors in Romania securing safe local long-term employment. Beyond our immediate casework, we have sought to equip law enforcement and criminal justice stakeholders to better understand how to identify victims and investigate and prosecute complex trafficking cases – with 1,949 frontline professionals trained and crucially, clear evidence of improvements in their practice as a result. We have also brought critical insights to governments in every country where we work, contributing significantly to changes in strategy, law and policy.

Download the report here.

A Path to Freedom and Justice: a new vision for supporting victims of modern slavery

February 2022

This report builds on the Modern Slavery Policy Unit’s 2020 report It Still Happens Here which explored the progress that has been made in the UK’s response, five years on from the Modern Slavery Act, but also identifies the key challenges faced by frontline professionals who are working to fulfil their duties under the Act. Central among the findings of that report was that despite numerous reviews and incremental changes, the UK’s immediate and longer-term response to victims is not up to standard – especially because we lose vital intelligence and evidence when victims disengage or are re-trafficked.

Download the full report here or just the executive summary here.


Out from the Shadows: Transforming support for victims of Modern Slavery and Domestic Abuse with No Recourse to Public Funds

December 2021

This report explores the shared experiences of the victims of these hidden crimes, to understand and compare the support available and the impact of immigration status and having no recourse to public funds, on recovery and the pursuit of justice. Our paper outlines how enabling these victims to access support, housing, and security can stop abusers and slavery gangs in their tracks as well as supporting the pursuit of justice. We aim to influence forthcoming legislation, including the Victims Bill and the Nationality and Borders Bill, as well as the policy that underpins it.

Download the full report here.

Cuckooing: The case for strengthening the law against slavery in the home

November 2021

As the name suggests ‘cuckooing’ involves the gang taking over somebody’s home against their will and then using it for criminal activity such as storing and/or distributing drugs cash and weapons. Together with our partners at The Centre for Social Justice, Justice and Care is arguing for a simple change in the law to give police and courts the powers they need to end the harmful and criminal practice of ‘cuckooing’. This paper explores this form of modern slavery which has grown in prominence over recent years, the impact of the practice and the challenges for enforcement and uncovers a worrying gap in the law.

Download the full report here.

Victim Navigator Interim Evaluation

July 2021

After discussions with police forces and national stakeholders, Justice and Care designed a project in 2018 involving ‘Victim Navigators’. It entailed embedding independent specialists into police teams to provide expert input to modern slavery investigations and to directly support victims of modern slavery. In order to understand the effectiveness of the Victim Navigator role, Justice and Care commissioned an evaluation to run with the pilot.

Download the full evaluation here.

Parallel societies: slavery, exploitation and criminal subculture in Leicester

August 2020

COVID-19 has put under the spotlight the fast fashion industry in Leicester East, and its exploitation of thousands of (mostly immigrant) workers. Our research has confirmed that conditions in these garment factories exemplify a wide spectrum of criminality and exploitation. There is urgent need for action before a tragedy along the lines of the collapse of the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh happens on our shores and on our watch. The evidence we have amassed has convinced us that only through root and branch reform of this corrupt system can we restore rule of law, fair labour conditions and dignity to the exploited.

Download the full report here.

It still happens here: fighting UK slavery in the 2020s

July 2020

This report by The Modern Slavery Policy Unit builds on the impact of the Centre for Social Justice’s groundbreaking report ‘It Happens Here: Equipping the United Kingdom to fight modern slavery’, which led to the passing of the Modern Slavery Act in 2015. It explores the progress that has been made in the UK’s response, five years on from the Modern Slavery Act, but also identifies the key challenges faced by frontline professionals who are working to fulfil their duties under the Act.

Download the full report here or just the executive summary here.


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